New York Supports the Union; Georgia Responds

I came across these today while preparing my conference paper for the Appalachian Studies Association Conference. New York responds to the acts of secession by the Deep South states (those states in the first wave of secession).

Concurrent Resolutions tendering aid to the President of the
United States in support of the Constitution and the Union.


IN ASSEMBLY, January 11, 1861.

        WHEREAS, Treason as defined by the Constitution of the United States, exists in one or more of the States of this Confederacy, and

WHEREAS, The insurgent State of South Carolina, after seizing the Post-Office, Custom House, Moneys and Fortifications of the Federal Government, has, by firing into a vessel ordered by the Government to convey troops and provisions to Fort Sumter, virtually declared war; and whereas, the forts and property of the United States Government in Georgia, Alabama and Louisiana, have been unlawfully seized with hostile intentions; and whereas, further, Senators in Congress avow and maintain their treasonable acts; therefore

Resolved, (If the Senate concur,) That the Legislature of New York, profoundly impressed with the value of the Union, and determined to preserve it unimpaired, hail with joy the recent firm, dignified and patriotic Special Message of the President of the United States, and that we tender to him, through the Chief Magistrate of our own State, whatever aid in men and money he may require to enable him to enforce the laws, and uphold the authority of the Federal Government. And that in defense of”the more perfect Union,” which has conferred prosperity and happiness upon the American people, renewing the pledge given and redeemed by our Fathers, we are ready to devote “our fortunes, our lives, and our sacred honor” in upholding the Union and the Constitution.

Resolved, (If the Senate concur,) That the Union-loving Representatives and citizens of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, Missouri and Tennessee, who labor with devoted courage and patriotism to withhold their States from the vortex of Secession, are entitled to the gratitude and admiration of the whole people.

Resolved, (If the Senate concur,) That the Governor be respectfully requested to forward, forthwith, copies of the foregoing resolutions to the President of the Nation, and the Governors of all the States of the Union.

And Georgia responds….

        Mr. Toombs offered the following resolution, which was taken up, read and adopted:

Resolved, Unanimously, in response to the resolutions of New York, referred to in the Governor’s Message, that this Convention highly approves the energetic and patriotic conduct of Governor Brown in taking possession of Fort Pulaski by Georgia troops, and requests him to hold possession until the relations of Georgia with the Federal Government be determined by this Convention: and that a copy of this resolution be transmitted to the Governor of New York.

Mr. Bartow offered the following resolution:

Resolved, That the President do appoint the following “Standing Committees” for the Convention, each to consist of thirteen members:

1st. A Committee on relations with the slaveholding States of North-America.

2d. A Committee on Foreign Relations.

3d. A Committee on Commercial Relations, and Postal Arrangements.

4th. A Committee on Military Affairs.

5th. A Committee on the Constitution of this State, and the Constitution and Laws of the United States.

Mr. Martin introduced the following resolution:

Resolved, That the Governor be requested to furnish this Convention with a statement of the result of the election of delegates for this Convention, specifying the whole number of votes polled in each county, and the number received by each candidate.

On motion the Convention then adjourned till 10 o’clock to-morrow morning.

I just find it interesting that for Georgia, the importance of slavery came first, but for so many Georgians today, it comes last.

Journal of the Public and Secret Proceedings of the Convention of the People of Georgia, Held in Milledgeville and Savannah in 1861, Together with the Ordinances Adopted:Electronic Edition.Georgia. Convention of the People retrieved from



  1. Nice work. Reading through many of the documents from that period, especially those written in the South, we find reference after reference identifying themselves as slaveholding states. They are not doing that by accident, but rather on purpose. It is very clear why the Lower South seceded.

    I hope your conference goes better than mine. Rather than ready my paper I delivered a 20 minute lecture covering the highlights, a particular source, and the overall effect of the guerrilla campaign of 1862 in Northeast Missouri. Unfortunately, the last member of our three speaker panel read his 18 page paper verbatim in a monotone and took 45 minutes. He went so far over we had to get up when he finished boring us with the paper (it was very boring) and leave the room so the next panel could convene. He used up our Q&A time completely and it also wiped out any chance for after comments as everyone had to go to the next set of panels. The individual is a Ph.D holder and the head of the graduate department of a MA granting institution here in Missouri. I have sworn to never sit on a panel with him again.

    • I agree. I just think its beyond circumstantial that the convention goes from celebrating their Governor’s actions to, slavery. They place it above and beyond in its importance.

      My GAH Conference went terrific. I am not posting much of the paper here because I am going to push for small time publication of the paper. That 45 minute presentation sounds brutal. Someone should have given him the cane.

  2. I have seen slavery mentioned often in the secession and Southern Civil War documents and wondered about this myself. It has occurred to me, though I have nothing to back it up, that identification by the states of the Confederacy as slave-holding states would be an accurate and easy way to differentiate between Southern and Northern states. It would place states such as California and Oregon, which were technically neither in the “North” or “South” in one group or the other, along with states like Delaware and Maryland, which geographically could have been said to have straddled the fence. Again, this may be nitpicking, but is it possible that Confederacy coalesced around the slaveholding states because they were politically at odds with the Northern states, rather than because they primary goal was to protect slavery?

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