Terrific article posted by the Archives of Appalachia. Make sure follow their blog. This organization has a rich and valuable archive for anyone wanting to learn about Appalachia.
In 1873, Congress established the Committee on War Claims. This committee expanded on the former Committee on Revolutionary Claims to include “claims arising from any war in which the United States has been engaged.” The Committee on War Claims provided an avenue for individuals who lost property during the Civil War (1861-1865) to file for compensation from the federal government. Individuals who filed for property loss caused by Union troops had to prove they were loyal to the Union cause in order to obtain monetary compensation.
While most claims for property loss during the Civil War were filed through the Southern Claims Commission (established in 1871), 2,407 claims were submitted to the Committee on War Claims by the March 3, 1873 submission deadline.  According to the Fourth General Report of the Commissioners of Claims (1874), Tennessee had the highest amount of claims filed at 554 with Virginia following at 475.
View original post 515 more words