In 1873, Congress established the Committee on War Claims. This committee expanded on the former Committee on Revolutionary Claims to include “claims arising from any war in which the United States has been engaged.” The Committee on War Claims provided an avenue for individuals who lost property during the Civil War (1861-1865) to file for compensation from the federal government. Individuals who filed for property loss caused by Union troops had to prove they were loyal to the Union cause in order to obtain monetary compensation.
Terrific article posted by the Archives of Appalachia. Make sure follow their blog. This organization has a rich and valuable archive for anyone wanting to learn about Appalachia.